BuckwheatKrupa, popular in our country, is not as simple as it seems: its useful properties are so valuable that, perhaps, buckwheat can even be attributed to superfoods. In any case, in the diet of proper nutrition, this product is indispensable!
OriginThere are two versions of the origin of buckwheat. The first, as if obvious from the name of cereals, says that Greece is the birthplace of buckwheat. Another claims that the inhabitants of the Himalayas first became interested in this croup more than four thousand years ago.
Differently called buckwheat in ancient times: Arabic, Turkish, or simply pagan grain. The current name is justified by the fact that the croup came to us in the 7th century from Byzantium. There is another belief. Some scientists claim that the word “buckwheat” is associated with its cultivators. It is believed that mainly Greek monks grew cereals.
The buckwheat has penetrated into Russia rather quickly through the Volga Bulgarians, and has taken root so much that in some countries the grain is called “Russian bread”, forgetting about its real homeland.
- The ancient Slavs called buckwheat "food warriors."
- The so-called insomnia cushions are filled with buckwheat husks.
- The beneficial properties of buckwheat can destroy sugar! Therefore, lovers of sweet porridge from buckwheat should forget about this habit, if they want to eat healthy food.
What is the peculiarity of buckwheat?The Chinese grow buckwheat for the preparation of tea from it. It contributes to the fight against hypertension and perfectly reduces the pressure.
What is useful buckwheat?The benefits of buckwheat, above all, is its high iron content, which saves from anemia - a frequent illness in urban environments. Buckwheat is a true friend of vegetarians, because its composition of amino acids is very similar to that found in meat. Croup regulates the balance of body fat and has a beneficial effect on metabolism. Also, folic acid in the croup contributes to the normal development of the fetus during pregnancy. And you can buy buckwheat for the following properties: it “cleans” blood from cholesterol, reduces the risk of thrombosis, and prevents the development of cancer.
CookingThe price of buckwheat allows you to often include it in your diet, so a variety of dishes from this cereal is necessary for an interesting menu. Of course, the simplest option of use is simply boiled as an independent dish or side dish. But it should not be forgotten that buckwheat can be an excellent basis for soup.
QuinoaQuinoa - pseudo grain crops, which is considered one of the most useful products in the world. If you are an adherent of proper nutrition, then you just need to get acquainted with this product, besides the price of quinoa is fully justified by its magical properties.
OriginFood has an ancient origin: even the Indians took it as a basis for their diet. In the Inca civilization, there were three main types of food - corn, potatoes and quinoa groats, which even got the name “golden grain” and “mother of all seeds”. Unlike many other plants, the birthplace of the product is for certain known - the spread of culture began from Lake Titicaca, located in South America.
In written sources, the first mention of the useful culture falls on the year 1553 in the book “The Chronicle of Peru”. Interestingly, a comparison of the quinoa author with the Moorish swan gave rise to a new product name. At Russian latitudes, quinoa was called quinoa, as well as rice quinoa.
- The UN General Assembly declared 2013 the Year of Quinoa.
- The leaves are also edible - they are used as greens for salad.
- The original name of the plant in Quechua sounds like kinwa, and in the world, the Spanish version of the modified version - quinoa has spread.
What is the feature?Like chocolate, quinoa improves mood, gives a feeling of happiness, thanks to the development of a special hormone. However, cereals are much less calories and much more useful!
What is useful?First and foremost, quinoa is plant protein in the individual vegetarian diet. Also, the use of cereals will guarantee that you have strong bones and tissues of internal organs, therefore, it will be especially good to introduce quinoa into the diet of children as they grow. The price of cereal, of course, higher than, for example, rice, which is similar to her taste, but in terms of the content of trace elements, it is much more useful. See for yourself! This food can:
- lower blood sugar
- eliminate the risk of arthritis
- fight heart disease
- control hypertension pressure
- calm the nervous system under stress.
CookingDo not give up the idea to buy quinoa groats, if you have never tried to cook it. It is easy! It is similar to other cereals, so it can be cooked in the same way as a side dish or even as an independent dish, giving the cereal a special taste thanks to spices and sauces. The main thing is to rinse well, so as not to exfoliate the particles do not spoil the taste.
ChickpeaChickpea has gained its popularity among vegetarians and vegans by chance: this legume culture perfectly copes with the task of adding diversity to the diet, and also nourishes the body with all the necessary trace elements. Real healthy food!
OriginToday chickpeas are known all over the world, but the legume culture takes its origin in the Middle East. Chickpeas started growing in the 5500s BC. e. In the Bronze Age, beans were popular with the Greeks and Romans, who made pulses from chickpeas (this is the name for this porridge).
To this day, archaeologists find evidence of the respect and love of ancient people for chickpea. For example, Egyptian frescoes depicting the ruler of the country of those times Akhenaten with a small branch of hummus in hand. Scientists suggest that the plant in the image is a symbol of masculinity and the power of Pharaoh.
The beneficial properties of chickpea finally began to be discussed in antiquity: it was believed that there was no better remedy for kidney stones. In the XVII century, chickpeas spread throughout the world, and he came to the northern peoples thanks to the Bulgarians and the peoples of the Transcaucasus.
- In each country, chickpea has its own “name”. Mutton peas, hummus, nahat, bubbly and chick peas - all this is chickpeas.
- Earlier in Europe, chickpeas were used as coffee.
- Chickpeas are sweeter than ordinary peas, and therefore are often used for making confectionery.
What is the feature of chickpeas?Hippocrates said that chickpea is useful for people prone to skin problems or suffering from skin diseases. Peas not only improves the condition of the skin, but also prevents its aging.
What is useful chickpeas?The benefits of chickpeas - a topic about which you can talk for a long time. On the digestive side, adding chickpeas to the menu will become an effective prevention of constipation. Sweet pea perfectly affects the cardiovascular system. In addition, chickpeas are an excellent energetic, able to charge with energy for the whole day, which vegetarians probably already know. It is worth not forgetting about plant protein, which will be a complete replacement for the animal. Buy chickpeas means getting rid of:
- putrefactive bacteria and slags
- gum disease
- high levels of bile and cholesterol
- high risk of cancer.
CookingCooking chickpeas will take time, but the taste of the dishes is worth the effort. Chickpea is perfect for cooking soups and is one of the harmonious additions to meat. In the vegetarian kitchen, chickpeas are an even more indispensable product due to their exceptional utility. With beans you can cook a variety of salads, without worrying about the nutritional value of the individual diet. Proper nutrition can be tasty - experiment with chickpea dishes and see for yourself!
PeasPeas - beans known to all from childhood. But have you thought about the incredible benefits this simple product makes available to everyone? Perhaps that is why peas remain the basis for the national dishes of many nations.
OriginArchaeologists have found peas even at the excavations of settlements of the Stone Age, which is indisputable evidence of the ancient origin of the beans. There is no consensus about the homeland of peas, it is attributed to different regions - Africa, the Mediterranean coast in Europe, some places in Asia.
Peas are a wild-growing culture and for a long time people used it for food, gathering, not growing. And in the south of Russia peas growing in wild conditions are still found.
Even in ancient China, the product is very much appreciated. He was called the food of the rich and was greatly appreciated. Although in Greece and Rome, for example, it was the food of commoners. But then fell in love with peas in Europe. In the 17-18 centuries, began a real “boom” on a good pea. He was eaten immature, immediately after harvest. In Western European countries, the use of peas was called “fashion and madness”.
- The Chinese and Indians believed that peas bring wealth.
- In England, the fogs were called “pea soup” for the similarity of texture.
- The price of peas has always been low, so it was these beans that saved the English peasants from starvation during the crisis in the 18th century.
What is special about peas?Peas strengthens blood vessels, thereby allowing a person to more easily fight cardiovascular diseases.
What is useful peas?Vegetable protein is what benefits the peas in the first place. Pea protein is an ideal substitute for animal protein for vegetarians and vegans. The benefits of peas also in the fact that it controls the level of sugar in the blood, being the prevention of diabetes. It is also important to know that peas are the killer of sulfites, which are now found in almost all products as a preservative. And sulfites, by the way, often cause headaches, heart rhythm disturbances and general fatigue. Peas will warn you perfectly:
- heart attacks
- the occurrence of tumors
- renal failure.
CookingGood peas just can not get tasteless! Dishes from it will be a wonderful variety for those who adhere to a diet and proper nutrition. From the pea soup known from childhood to exotic salad recipes - try experimenting in the kitchen!
PolentaPolenta, or cornmeal, is popular in Italy, where an incredible amount of local cuisine is prepared from polenta. Other countries undeservedly deprive the cornmeal polenta attention, and in vain - it is very useful.
OriginThe exact date of delivery of polenta to Europe is unknown, but here it took root at least from the 16th century: it all started from the moment Columbus brought corn to the Europeans from America. Polenta could not have happened if it were not for the Italians' interest in mixing various ingredients with water.
Cornmeal gained particular popularity in Italy, where to this day there is almost a cult of polenta dishes. At one time the product was so popular that it was eaten even more often than bread. Italians invented a holiday in honor of their favorite porridge. Every year an interesting celebration is held in Sermonet, a small town in the south-west of the country. People put huge copper pots on the streets of the city and cook polenta in the open air.
Now called polenta cornmeal, but in Italy before the people learned about corn, polenta called local porridge, which in turn could consist of different ingredients. Most often it was a mixture of chestnuts and wheat.
- Previously, polenta flour was considered food for the poor, and today it is held in high esteem even in the most expensive restaurants.
- Polenta dishes in Eastern Romance countries are called hominy.
- When the polenta was only brought to Italy, the southern Italians did not consider it for folk food and contemptuously called Turintsev, who adored corn flour, “polenta eaters”.
What is special about polenta?Corn grits perfectly nourishes nerve cells, making this product especially recommended for patients with epilepsy and polio to combat the disease.
What is useful polenta?Polenta - a great option to diversify a healthy diet. The use of corn flour is that the croup contains such a combination of vitamins, which contributes to the production of elastin, which preserves our youth. In addition, polenta is relatively low-calorie, but it perfectly saturates with carbohydrates. Polenta cornmeal is the right solution for:
- reduce cholesterol
- regulation of digestion and metabolism
- splitting body fat.