Prevention of diabetes

When the gray rainy sky outside the window becomes sad, we often seize the bad mood sweet. Cakes, pastries and other foods that contain a lot of sugar affect the pleasure center located in our brain. Pampering ourselves with sweets, we experience a state similar to happiness. Therefore, it is so difficult to refuse sweets or chocolate, especially to those who are going through a difficult period in life. But the love of sweets can adversely affect health, cause the appearance of diabetes.

How can you get diabetes

Doctors are sounding the alarm. Over the past 15 years, the number of people with diabetes has doubled. About 4, 5 million people are included in the federal register, but researchers are confident that the actual number of cases is almost 2 times more - 8-9 million. Every year about 100 thousand people die due to complications of the disease. High blood sugar levels can trigger cancer, cause heart failure, heart attack or stroke, and kidney failure. If a person does not monitor his health, he can die from sepsis and gangrene of the foot.

Therefore, it is desirable to regularly donate blood for sugar, especially to those who are at risk:
  1. Overweight people. 80-90% of patients with diabetes mellitus suffer from obesity.
  2. Patients over 40. Most often this disease is diagnosed after 40-45 years. The peak incidence is 60 years.
  3. Those who have a genetic predisposition. About 80-90% of patients have close relatives with the disease (father, mother, grandmother). Scientists have found that the transfer of genes that cause type II diabetes most often goes through the maternal line.
Diabetes is of 2 types. Type 1 disease is very rare (10% of all people with diabetes). Most often it appears in 12 years. Pancreas stops producing insulin. There are no preventive measures that could prevent this disease.

Type 2 is diagnosed in 90% of patients. Doctors warn that the disease depends on lifestyle. Most often, patients are obese, over 45, suffering from high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Most have a hereditary predisposition.

Doctors identify several causes of this disease:
  1. Excess weight. This is the main factor causing the appearance of the disease. Adipose tissue prevents cells from using insulin.
  2. Sedentary lifestyle. With a lack of motor activity, glucose is not used by the muscles and accumulates in the blood. There is a slowdown of metabolic processes, all this badly affects the work of the organs.
  3. Abuse sweets. If a lot of sugar enters the body, it provokes insulin “jumps”. Due to improper diet, people quickly gain excess weight, which contributes to the appearance of the disease.
  4. Disease. Sometimes diabetes is a consequence of endocrine diseases. In patients with a genetic predisposition, it can manifest itself as a complication of an infectious disease (influenza, hepatitis, herpes).

Prevention

Even if there are people with diabetes in the family, among close relatives, this does not mean that the disease will definitely be felt. Preventive measures will prevent the occurrence of an insidious disease:
  1. Physical exercise. Hypodynamy provokes the development of the disease. Therefore, you need to move, walk, walk, 2-3 times a week to play sports. Daily exercise for 2 hours a day reduces the risk of diabetes by 14%.
  2. Proper nutrition. You need to eat in small portions several times a day (at least 5 times). It is desirable to reduce the amount of fatty and sugary foods on the menu. But to increase the amount of food rich in fiber, because fiber prevents the absorption of sugar into the blood. Cellulose is abundant in bran, nuts (hazelnuts, walnuts, pistachios, almonds), in whole grain bread.
  3. Healthy lifestyle. It is important to maintain a normal weight. Stop smoking and drinking alcohol. Full sleep, timely rest will help to keep fit.
  4. Ability to keep calm in different situations. Against the backdrop of stress, blood glucose levels may also increase. Try to be tolerant, calmly relate to everything that happens, do not be angry with others, even if there is a reason.
  5. Preventive examinations. At least once a year, you must be examined by an endocrinologist. Those who are at risk, it is desirable to regularly donate blood for glucose.
The fact that these recommendations work is confirmed by scientists. As part of the Diabetes Prevention Program, experts decided to test how preventive measures for this disease work. The researchers achieved a decrease in body weight of volunteers by 7% or more, for which they were advised to stick to a low-calorie diet and provided moderate exercise (150 minutes a week). All project participants attended 16 individual lessons with a specialist, and then once a month attended group or individual lessons. The result was amazing. The risk of diabetes in those patients that comply with the recommendations of experts, decreased by 58%, and this is very much.

Prediabetes

It is always easier to prevent a disease than to cure it, especially since diabetes mellitus is not completely cured. Due to excess glucose, the blood becomes viscous and heavy, it affects the whole body. Gradually, all the thin vessels of a person fail, violations of the cardiovascular system begin, and the kidneys are affected. Blindness may develop over time.

It is difficult to diagnose diabetes at an early stage, since it rarely manifests itself. But, if you regularly donate blood for sugar, you can detect pre-diabetes on time, and, after a course of treatment, prevent the development of diabetes. Pre-diabetes is considered a borderline state, i.e., while the person is not sick, but the blood sugar level is above the norm. You can restore the body, if you follow a low-carb diet, drink drugs and exercise.

In a healthy person, the blood sugar level is 5, 5 mmol / l. If the amount of glucose after a six-hour fast from 5, 6 to 6, 1 mmol / l (in the plasma of venous blood from 6, 1 - to 7 mmol / l), this suggests that he has prediabetes. This is called fasting glucose disorder (NGN). The second sign of prediabetes is impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). In this case, 2 hours after a meal or load, the glucose level is 7, 8–11, 2 mmol / l. The patient may have one of these disorders or both.

Most often, the pre-diabetic condition is detected by chance, after laboratory tests, since it is asymptomatic. But in rare cases, there may be signs of the disease. They are not so pronounced, they do not appear regularly:
  • gums bleed;
  • itching, especially genital;
  • skin becomes dry;
  • wounds and abrasions heal very slowly;
  • in women, menstruation does not come on time;
  • a person wakes up at night or cannot sleep;
  • hot flashes worry;
  • headache, limbs;
  • vision is impaired;
  • constantly thirsty, frequent trips to the toilet.
As the amount of glucose goes down to 5, 5 - 6 mmol / l, these unpleasant symptoms disappear.

Diabetes can be accompanied by serious complications. But, even if treatment and healthy lifestyles can prevent them, patients will have to take medications all their lives, to follow a strict diet. Therefore, it is better to prevent the occurrence of this disease. It is not so difficult to make it, especially now, when all conditions for playing sports are created, and there are no restrictions in the choice of products.
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About the author

Шакирова Лилия

I am forty years old. I love books, especially English classics, animals. I bring up a child with my husband, a daughter. I'm sure that everything in this world is ultimately arranged correctly.

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