Patchwork: how to master patchwork?

Multi-colored shreds will get a fancy look if you combine them into a single canvas. Patchwork allows you to create unique patterns and can be a good emotional discharge after a busy day. But before turning patchwork into a hobby of your own, it’s worth learning the basics of composition for this type of craft.

How is the work done?

The finished blanket, made in the style of patchwork, can resemble a mosaic of multi-colored patches. However, there are certain rules and steps for stitching tissue scraps. First you need to choose the scraps that will be used in the work. The main criterion for this is a similar texture. Having thought out the pattern, you should select the fabric by color.

Experienced needlewomen, as a rule, are able to sew shreds in different ways. They can do at a preliminary stage without drawing up a diagram, but for beginners it is worthwhile to draw a sketch. Ready-made schemes can be found in thematic magazines on needlework.

The creation of a solid canvas is preceded by the process of stitching individual fragments. Sewing can be done by various technicians. In certain varieties of patchwork it is allowed, for example, to join patches by means of yarn.

Required tools

The list of necessary devices for patchwork is not particularly long. With a high degree of probability you will be able to find everything you need at home and a new hobby will not require additional expenses. For patchwork, besides the fabric, you will need: scissors, a sewing machine, pins, a crochet hook, chalk (to draw the required pattern on the fabric), thick paper (to create a pattern).

Traditional patchwork

The most popular type of patchwork is a classic patchwork. The technique is suitable for creating small items (tacks, pillowcases), and large items (blankets, bedspreads). Shreds of a certain geometric shape are selected - squares, triangles, rectangles. A feature of this technique is that the front part of the product is made of shreds, and for the lining used a solid canvas.

Crazy patchwork

If you do not want to stitch squares and triangles, you can give preference to the rags of the most bizarre shape. For Crazy Patchwork is characterized by the presence of not only an arbitrary shape. Products are usually decorated with satin ribbons and lace - they perfectly mask the seams. Also buttons, beads and sequins are used. The choice of decor is limited only by your preferences, there are no strict rules in this technique. It is used for sewing decorative pillows and bags, creating panels and decorating clothes. Crazy Patchwork is suitable for those needlewomen who do not want to adhere to the plan and the established scheme. The similarity of colors and textures of patches can be neglected and safely embody any of their ideas.

Knitted patchwork

If you do not particularly like to sew, but do not have anything against knitting, you should choose this technique. Its peculiarity is that all elements are not stitched, but tied with a hook. Shreds can be not only knitted, but also textile. If you own a crochet, master this kind of patchwork is not difficult. All the yarn that will be involved in the work should be of the same thickness. Differences in its composition are not welcome. The yarn should have elasticity and easily take the original form. The optimal composition - wool and acrylic in a 1: 1 ratio. If possible, choose a bright yarn (3-4 shades), but remember that when washing the product can shed. Most often, knitted patchwork is used to create rugs and women bags.


Things made in this technique resemble a quilted fabric. It is necessary to put a synthetic winterizer between two whole cloths of fabric. It is possible to sew cloths by means of the sewing machine. During this process, original patterns are formed on the fabric. If you do not like the diversity of patchwork, quilting will be the best solution. There are a lot of options for using this technique - from kitchen tacks to clothes for babies.

Japanese patchwork

This technique is the most elegant. Suppose that geometric patterns dominate among the ornaments, the Japanese patchwork can be harmoniously applied to create decorative panels. A feature of technology is the abundance of stitches. Cotton and silk are mainly used for work. Sewing machine when creating a product does not apply. For things created in this technique, the volume is characteristic, they are often decorated with embroidery and rhinestones. The fringe is considered the classic version of the decoration of the finished work.

Technique "Watercolor"

The peculiarity of this patchwork is that they use cloth scraps of certain shades. The watercolor effect can be achieved by successively stitching a few squares of fabric from light to dark. It is possible to use both plain fabrics and those on which there is a print, but it is imperative to follow the rule of a smooth color transition. To successfully implement a complex pattern, you need to prepare a sketch.

Technique "Fast Squares"

Even the name unambiguously hints at the availability of this technology for beginners. First you need to take 4 strips of fabric and sew them in pairs, and then all together (in the end, you should get a kind of sleeve). Next, using a ruler and a pencil, draw lines at an angle of 45 ° from the top and bottom edges alternately. Having drawn the lines along the entire length of the fabric, cut it into squares. In each square should end up with 4 types of different fabrics. It remains only to sew them together.

Technique "Magic Triangles"

In patchwork, triangles are used almost as often as squares. This figure is convenient in operation, since the short sides of the triangles can form flat, and from the long sides squares are obtained. Visually, triangles can be transformed into shapes such as a diamond or a star. The choice is limited only by your imagination.

Having spent your free time on patchwork, you can transform your home and please your loved ones with beautiful and unusual things. Patchwork allows you to show imagination and make the surrounding space much more comfortable.
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