Harvesting berries for the winter

In the summer we enjoy the taste of fruits and berries, we store them for the winter. How correctly to eat berries, that they were as useful as possible? What are the blanks worth doing for the winter? These and other questions can not help but worry the young housewives, who would like to please their family with compotes, jam.

Eat Fresh

The most useful berries are those that have just been collected from the bush. If you wash the berries or keep them for a long time, some of the vitamins from them will be lost. But other useful substances will remain, including minerals. In immature fruits, nutrients are much less, so take only ripe berries. But some of the berries can ripen at home (cowberry, dogwood, cloudberry, cranberries), for which they are laid out in one layer on a towel and kept in a cool place.

All berries can be conditionally divided into sweet, sour and semi-acidic. Grapes, watermelon are the sweetest berries. They can be combined with semi-acidic (cherry, blueberry, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry). Combine the sweet and sour berries (currants, cranberries, cranberries, gooseberries, blackberries) is not worth it, because they interfere with the breakdown of sugar, which is why fermentation begins in the stomach. Combine with semi-acidic can. Grapes and sour berries are contraindicated for people with gastrointestinal diseases, with increased acidity of the stomach. Try to eat berries before eating, best of all raw. Do not cut them into pieces, then they become not so useful.

How to keep berries useful

To keep the berries as long as possible, they should not be washed. Humidity accelerates decay processes. Therefore, rinse the berries just before you cook from them or eat them. The longer the berries are stored, the less nutrients they contain. After you have separated them from the mother plant, moisture begins to evaporate, sugars and amino acids, vitamins are destroyed, bacteria multiply. To stop the processes of decay, berries should be kept in a cool place at a temperature of +2 to -1 degrees. Remember that they can be stored there for about 3-10 days, during this time they need to either eat, or something from them to cook.

Especially fast berries lose vitamin C. Once you destroy the integrity of berries, ascorbic acid also begins to break down, because the enzymes contained in them are activated by contact with oxygen and destroy vitamins. Therefore, the fact that the berries, ground with sugar, are the most useful is a myth. The most useful are frozen whole berries. If you scrolled through a meat grinder, after 5-10 minutes, all the berries almost completely lose vitamin C. If you want to preserve ferments of berries as long as possible, treat them with steam. At the same time, their taste, flavor, all vitamins will remain. How to do it? Put the berries in a colander and hold over the pot filled with hot water. This will help to prevent the processes of festering. Delicate berries are processed with steam for about 1 minute, coarser (currants, cherries) - 3 minutes.

What can you cook with berries?

There are many delicacies and desserts that can be made from fresh berries. Let's talk about this in more detail.

Smoothies and fresh

Smoothies contain not only the juice of berries, but also their flesh. Fresh is a juice, without fiber, from it vitamins are better absorbed, provided that you drank it right away. Juice and smoothies are prepared only from freshly picked berries, they should not be stored for so long:
  • raspberries, blackberries, strawberries - no more than 5 hours;
  • cherry - no more than 12 hours;
  • currants and blueberries - no more than 24 hours;
  • cranberries, sea buckthorn, cranberries - no more than 5 days.
If you have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, then do not drink freshly squeezed fresh berries, because it contains different acids. They provoke heartburn, the patient has pain in the area of ​​the stomach. Always dilute the juice with water and try not to drink more than 1 glass a day.

Compote

To make a fresh compote, take any berries and pour them with hot water, put sugar, simmer for a few minutes: soft - about 10 minutes, hard - up to 20 minutes. The truth of vitamins in such compote will not remain. To compote was aromatic, insist it for several hours.

Jam

Jam is a popular treat, but you should not expect that all vitamins will be preserved. Within 3 minutes after the beginning of cooking, the entire vitamin C is lost, even if you are preparing a five-minute snack. But there is still use for the organism. In jam from strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, cranberries and blueberries is phenolic acid, which brings great benefits, in particular, prevents the emergence of oncology. When cooking and storing the amount of this acid even increases.

Summer often pampers us with a rich harvest. In a season it is necessary to enjoy an abundance of berries, to prepare from them every possible desserts, and it is better to eat fresh, to receive a maximum of vitamins and other useful substances.
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About the author

Шакирова Лилия

I am forty years old. I love books, especially English classics, animals. I bring up a child with my husband, a daughter. I'm sure that everything in this world is ultimately arranged correctly.

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